Digital Repeater Systems: All You Need To Know

In the telecommunication system, a repeater is an electronic device that receives a signal and retransmits it. Digital repeaters retransmit data in binary digital signals. Find out everything about digital repeater systems and how they work.

How does a digital repeater system work?

We use this extremely powerful radio, which helps to communicate between two radios for long ranges. Repeaters are usually constructed at particular geographical locations in a fixed position.

For example: Due to the presence of a hill/or any other obstruction, two vehicles are unable to contact each other. In this case, you may use a digital repeater or it is also known as base station. The repeater consists of a transmitter, an amplifier, a radio receiver, an isolator, and two antennas.

One radio of vehicles reaches out to the repeater which will be on the hilltop. This will get te signals and it is known as the uplink. Thereafter, the repeater does the same process and sends the transmission down the hill. This is known as the downlink. This is a simple configuration of the digital repeater system.

Why do you need a digital repeater system?

In digital communication systems, repeaters overcome the attenuation/loss caused by free-space electromagnetic-field or cable loss. A series of repeaters makes data transmission over long distances.

You can use the repeaters to remove the unwanted noise in an incoming signal. When amplifiers are used for Analog signals, the noises & unwanted information are also amplified, which is of no use. But the repeaters we use are really appreciable because it clearly restores and perceives only the original digital signal, not like the Analog signal.

Various repeaters on the basis of operation

One of the common users of repeaters is amateur radio operators (HAM operators) to extend signals in the radio frequency range from one receiver to another. Since amateur radio operators communicate wirelessly through Morse codes, voices, or even images.

E.g., BOAFENG BF-F8HP: One of the most popular & portable two-way radio on the market. It offers excellent performance & functionality at reasonable prices. It usually performs on both Ultra High (UHF) & Very High (VHF) frequencies.

In wireless satellite communications, a repeater (usually known as transponder) receives uplink and retransmits them in different frequencies to destination locations.

E.g., NOOELEC HACKREF ONE: One of the most advanced Software Defined Radios capable of transmitting and receiving in the frequency range of 1MHz to 6GHz.

In fiber-optic networks, a repeater comes to handy for amplification & minimizing noises for each IR signal. Fiber optic repeaters operate at low power levels as compared to the wireless repeater.

Final verdict

An active radio device for enabling communication by extending the range of a portable or mobile radio system. It enables two-way radios for better communication, coverage, better penetration, and longer range that is impossible without a repeater.

Various types of repeaters are available in the market on the basis of your operation and domain. To become compatible with radios, the repeater must be specifically programmed.