The object’s natural frequency when it is willing to vibrate on the higher amplitude is called resonant frequency. There are many types of resonant frequencies, and it depends on the types of objects. In terms of radios, resonance plays a vital role in absorbing and releasing some amount of energy. The resonant frequencies also play a vital role in the radio antennas. There is certain bandwidth in radio antennas, and they work according to it, and they depend on the resonant mode. The performance of the antennas depends on their bandwidth, and they operate in resonant mode. So, that means that the lesser the antenna’s bandwidth, the more efficiently it will work. If the bandwidth of the antenna is more, then it can affect the performance of the antenna.
Radio antenna consists of inductance and capacitance, and it is a form of the tuned circuit, and it works with the resonant frequency. Both the capacitive and inductive resonances cancel each other at this point. Moreover, if we talk about RF antenna, its capacitance and inductance depend on its physical properties and surroundings. For example, if the antenna is larger, the resonant frequency will be lower, and the antenna elements will be strict.
Antenna Band wire
There are certain parameters for the antenna band wire to work perfectly in some surroundings. The performance of the antenna can be judged by the length or width of the band wire. The antenna band wire is also very important to the radio transmitter. Sometimes the antenna’s performance is not good if the resonant frequency does not match the length of the band wire. In this case, we need to reduce the length of the band wire.
Reducing the resonant frequency
There are many ways to reduce the resonant frequency on the 3rd harmonic on a 40-meter band wire. You can either fold the band wire to reduce the resonant frequency as sometimes folding proves to be very beneficial to shift the resonant frequency. But you have to fold a certain length of ban wire to reduce the resonant frequency. For example, folding one meter from the top of the band wire for a quarter of a wavelength will not change the resonant frequency, but it may reduce the third harmonic resonant frequency.
Another best trick to fold the band wire to reduce the resonant frequency is the ‘z’ fold. It is applied at the end of the 40-meter band wire. So, for example, you may fold 50 cm band wire from back on itself, and then you need to fold another 50 cm in the opposite direction. In this way, you can also reduce the resonant frequency of the band wire.
Another trick that can prove beneficial is folding 1/3 of the band wire, which will produce impendence on the 15-meter band wire. In comparison, you can also make a coil at the end of 2/3 of the band wire. It will have a high impact on the 15-meter band wire and will also reduce the resonant frequency.